New Zealand Flax, known by the Māori names Harakeke. Flax bushes will often support a large community of animals, providing shelter and an abundant food resource.
Although the Māori made textiles from a number of other plants, the use of harakeke and wharariki was predominant.
For centuries, Māori have used Harakeke for medicinal purposes, as a mild anaesthetic, poultice for boils, tumours, as well as to varicose ulcers. It also use as disinfectant and abscesses, relieve constipation, expel worms. The gum-like sap produced by Harakeke contains enzymes that give it blood clotting and antiseptic qualities to help healing processes.