The Kākāpō, also called owl parrot, is a species of large, flightless nocturnal parrot endemic to New Zealand. Although it cannot fly, it is good at climbing trees. Kākāpō are the heaviest parrot in the world, and the only parrot to have a ‘lek’ mating system.
At the beginning of the 19th century, kākāpō were still widespread throughout New Zealand. From the 1840s, European settlers not only hunted the bird, but also set fire to bush for farming, destroying its habitat. By the 1970s, only a few isolated birds were known to exist in Fiordland, South Island. A survey of Stewart Island in 1977 found about 200 more birds but they were rapidly declining through predation by feral cats.
Kōkako are endangered forest birds which are endemic to New Zealand. There are two sub-species of Kōkako, the North Island Kōkako and the South Island Kōkako. Kōkako declines were undoubtedly caused by forest clearance, and the introduction of predators.
In Māori myth, it was the Kōkako that gave Maui water as he fought the sun. The kōkako filled its wattles with water and brought it to Maui. His thirst quenched, Maui rewarded the kōkako by making its legs long and slender, enabling the bird to bound through the forest with ease in search of food.
The Kea is the world’s only alpine parrot, a large species of parrot found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand. Kea are known for their intelligence and curiosity. It called “the clown of the mountains”, it will investigate backpacks, boots or even cars, often causing damage or flying off with smaller items. Kea can solve logical puzzles, such as pushing and pulling things in a certain order to get to food, and will work together to achieve a certain objective. this is vital to their survival in a harsh mountain environment.
Kiwi are flightless birds endemic to New Zealand, their are the only bird to have nostrils at the end of their very long bill and by far the smallest living ratites.
There are two species of Kiwi’s in New Zealand, the Brown Kiwi and the Spotted Kiwi. Within these two species are six varieties of Kiwi: Little Spotted Kiwi, North Island Brown Kiwi, Great Spotted Kiwi, Okarita Brown, Stewart island Brown, Haast Brown